The UK Office for National Statistics has published an interesting study analyzing the evolution of life expectancy in the country over the last few years, comparing it with global data. A life expectancy reduction has been observed in many industrialized countries over the last six years–this is the first time since the beginning of the century. The US are probably the most impressive example of this–deaths have increased due to opioid and alcohol consumption, causing life expectancy to decrease by 12.5 weeks as compared to the 2011-2016 period, women being more affected by the decrease than men. A similar–but perhaps not so strong–trend has been reported in the UK. Life expectancy increase has significantly slowed down in Germany, Spain and the Netherlands, in sharp contrast with countries such as Norway and Japan. The scenario is different for Japan, where population ageing is seriously jeopardizing economy growth. For instance, according to a recent survey, each person seeking for a job has 1.6 positions available on average in Japan, whereas Italy shows a completely opposite ratio.
(Sources: ONS, FT)